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Magoksa

  • Magoksa
  • Magoksa
  • Magoksa

Magoksa

Magoksa was named because a believer said it looked like hemp stack on a hemp field when the monk Bocheol of Silla preached. According to the story from the temple, the monk Jajangyulsa built it in the 12th year(642) of Queen Seondeok's reign and the monk Bojoguksa of Goryeo reconstructed it. However, its origin is not confirmed and its history is not clear. Meanwhile, the 12th year of Queen Seondeok's reign is the 2nd year of King Uija of Baekje.

If it is true that it was built in 642, it had to be the second year of King Uija's reign. Nevertheless, its year of establishment is inficated in the period of Silla that was the hostile country. Several manuscripts of the Buddhist scriptures using gold or silver liquid are remained up to now, which are representative relics of Buddhist culture in the latter period of Goryeo. One interesting thing related to this temple was widely known as the special area where people could escape from risks during the war, that is, Sipseungjiji(ten safest regions) at the early Joseon period. [Taekriji] of Yi Jung-Hwan told that Magoksa was not damaged during Japanese invasion in 1592 and Korean War.

Magoksa Five-story Stone Pagoda(National Treasure No. 799)

Magoksa Five-story Stone Pagoda

The pagoda standing in the yard of the temple consists of two-stepped pedestal supporting the entire weight of the pagoda, on which the five-storied pagoda body is placed and then the head decoration is raised on top of it. Estimated to have been erected in the later era of Koryo Kingdom, which was broadly influenced by the Won Dynasty in view of the peculiar feature of head decoration. That is, following the frequent cultural exchange between the later era of Koryo and Won Dynasty, the culture of Lama Religion was also delivered to Koryo, and the pagoda is deemed an example of such culture.
In the midst of Imjin War, most of the treasures inside the pagoda were robbed, but copper-made incense

burner was found during the disassembly and repair period in 1972.

Magoksa Yeongsan-jeon(National Treasure No. 800)

Magoksa Five-story Stone Pagoda

Yeongsan-jeon is the sanctuary where the Palsang-do containing the life story of Sakyamuni Buddha. It is called Cheonbul-jeon, as 1000 Buddha are shrined in this building. This was modified when the great priest Gaksun reconstructed the temple in the Chosun era (1651), being the oldest building in Magoksa, and the hanging board in front of the building is reported to be the letters written by the King Sejo.

As a well-framed building in the Chosun era, it is also an important material for researching the architectural pattern.

Daewung-bojeon(National Treasure No. 801)

Daewung-bojeon

Daewung-bojeon is the sanctuary Sakyamuni Buddha is shrined, where Yaksa yeorae Buddha and Amita Buddha are shrined with Sakyamuni Buddha as the center. It is reported that the great priest Gaksun reconstructed the temple in the Chosun era (1651). The hanging board on the 2nd floor of the building is reported to be the letters written by Kim Saeng, the noted calligrapher of Shilla. Inside of the building features the well (井) type, and it shows unobstructed image with the broad floor, etc. Its shape of a two-story building is also an important material for researching the architectural history.

Daegwang-bojeon(National Treasure No. 802)

Daegwang-bojeon

This building, as the central sanctuary of Magoksa, is located in line with Haetal-mun and Cheonwang-mun. This building is designed to shrine Birojana-bul representing truth, but its year of establishment is not known. It was burnt down, but reconstructed in the 13th year of King Sunjo's reign of Chosun period (1813).

The frame of the door is decorated in flower-shaped pieces, while dragonhead is engraved over the column in the middle partition. The ceiling is designed in the shape of well(井), while the Buddhist altar is placed on the west, on which a canopy that decorates the Buddha more solemnly, is mounted in precise manner.

This unique styled building, having abundant construction and decorations in and out, becomes valuable material for researching the architectural history of the later era of Chosun.

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