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Gapsa

  • Gapsa temple
  • Gapsa temple
  • Gapsa temple

Gapsa temple

Gapsa temple is located under Yeoncheonbong Gyeryongsan mountain in Jungjang-ri Gyeryong-myeon, Gongju and registered as the Malsa temple under Magoksa temple in the sixth parish of Jogey Order of Korean Buddhism. It is the big temple in Gyeryongsan mountain area with Naewonam, Sinheungam, Daeseongam and Daejaam as the affiliated temples.

Ado established Gapsa in the first year(420) of king Gui's reign in Baekje and the monk Hyemyeong expanded it in the third year(556) of King Wideok's reign.

Gapsa became one of top 10 temples of Hwaeom Order as the meditation center of Hwaeom Order by the monk Eusang in Silla in 679. The monk Muyeom expanded the temple in the first year(887) of Queen Jinseong's reign according to the historic record. All buildings of the temple were burnt during Japanese invasion in 1592 and 1597 in Joseon Period. After then, Daeungjeon and Jinhaedang were rebuilt in the 37th(1604) year of King Seonjo's reign and Sawu was built in the fifth year(1654) of King Hyojong's reign including several expansions. The original location of Gapsa was the present location of Daejeokjeon. Large founding stones are remained in order so that we can estimate the dimension of the original status. The temple was called Gyeryong Gapsa at the early Joseon period, but it was changed to Gapsa and it comes down until now.

Kabsa Samshin-bul Gwaebultaeng(National Treasure No. 298)

Kabsa Samshin-bul Gwaebultaeng

Gwaebul means a large-sized Buddhist picture placed in the front yard of the sanctuary for worshipping purpose when carrying out a large-scale ceremony of event in the temple. The dimension of this Gwaebul is 12.47m long and 9.48m wide, produced in the first year of the King Hyojong's reign (1650), expressing the feature that three Buddha including Birojana-bul, Sakyamuni and Nosana-bul are telling the truth. Furthermore, it reads the name of donors necessary for the production of this Gwaebul, which is the important data to grasp the life of the mid-17th Century and the financial scale of the temple at that time as well.

Kabsa Steel Danggan&Jiju(Treasure No. 256)

Kabsa Steel Danggan&Jiju

A flag in the name of Dang is normally installed whenever the ceremony or event is held in the temple, When a long bamboo rod to attach such Dang is called Danggan, and two stoned column that support this at both sides of Danggan is called Danggan Jiju. This Danggan is the only one in Unified Shilla era.

Kabsa-budo(Treasure No. 257)

Kabsa-budo

Originally it was collapsed at Gyeryong-san behind Kabsa, but moved to and stood in front of Daejeok-jeon in 1917. A variety of pattern engraved and technique used in this budo is estimated as the excellent one among other budo pagoda of the Koryo era.

Kabsa Copper Bell(Treasure No. 478)

Kabsa Copper Bell

As the bell of the early Chosun era, it was produced to pray for the long life of king and hang on Kabsa in the 17th year of the King Seonjo's reign (1584), with the length of 131cm and the diameter of 91cm. This bell was once delivered to Japan under the good name of donation, but returned to the nation after the restoration of its independence.

Wolin-Seokbo-Panmok published in the 2nd year of King Seonjo's reign(Treasure No. 582)

Wolin-Seokbo-Panmok published in the 2nd year of King Seonjo's reign

Wolin-Seokbo is the book where Wolincheongang-jigok and Seokbo-sangjeol is combined, where the life of Sakyamuni and praise about his charity is described. The words and letters at the time Hunminjeongeum was created are preserved as it is, it is very important data in terms of Korean language.

Kabsa Daewungjeon[Tangible Cultural Assets No.105]

Kabsa Daewungjeon

As the main hall of Kabsa, it was burnt down in the midst of Jeongyu War II, but reconstructed in the 37th year of King Seonjo's reign (1604).

Kabsa Daejeok-jeon[Tangible Cultural Assets No.106]

Kabsa Daejeok-jeon

Also called Daejeok-gwangjeon, it is the sanctuary where three Buddha (Sakyamuni, Amita-bul and Birojana-bul) with Birojana-bul in the center are shrined.

Kabsa Sajeok-bi(Monument No.52)

Kabsa Sajeok-bi

As the monument where the history and process Kabsa was founded is stated on all four sides of the statue, but some of them damaged causing them to be unreadable. According to the residents, it was damaged for the purpose to dig out gold inside the monument.

Pyochung-won[Cultural Material No. 52]

Pyochung-won

This is the shrine where the portrait scrolls of the great priests Seosan, Samyeong and Yeonggyu who conducted meritorious deeds in defeating the Japanese army at the Imjin War that occurred in the 25th year of King Seonjo' reign (1592). This building was built to commemorate the royalty of these priests in the 14th year of King Yeongjo's reign (1738).

Kabsa Valley

Kabsa Valley

With the excellent scenery among the seven (7) located in Gyeryong-san National Park, this valley is cool enough for the visitor to feel the autumn even during the heat wave in the summer.

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